You will find everything you need to know about 13 types of Palm trees in Florida in this article. We’re offering an ultimate care guide for each variety and once you’re done you’ll be a real botanist when it comes to the palm trees.
Who wouldn’t want these amazing exotic trees in their garden or smaller indoor palm versions in their home? We know you do for sure and that is why you’re here.
Let’s start reading and learning!
Canary Island Date Palm And Its Particulars
Canary Island Palm is an indigenous plant of Spain, specifically from the Canary Islands. Although it grows up to 62 feet in height, it is used as an urban plant, decorating avenues and promenades. The roots of the palm are very shallow regardless of their height. In addition, due to the speed of growth, it is usually kept in a container for several years.
- The Canary Island palm, whose scientific name is phoenix canariensis, is native to the Canary Islands. It is also known as the phoenix, támara, or palm of the Canary Islands. Its leaves are feathery, about 22 feet long, and dark green.
- Unlike the date (Phoenix dactylifera), the canary palm is very specific – it has only one trunk. It is very resistant to cold and can withstand temperatures of 41 farads below zero. It also loves heat, because even if the thermometer rises above 86 farads, it still rises.
- You need to plant it in a place directly exposed to the sun because otherwise, it would create all the hanging and long leaves, wider than the usual leaflets. It is important, especially during the summer, to water sparingly, for example, 3 or 4 times a week. In other stations, between 1 and 2 irrigations per week will suffice.
- Planting time is during the spring, as soon as the frosts pass. It is a plant that, although it may be in pots during the first years, there will come a time when it will need to be planted in the ground.
- You don’t need to prune a canary tree. It is good to remove dry leaves at the end of winter, but nothing more. If the green leaves are removed from the palm, the plant weakens because they need to be able to photosynthesize and grow.
Types Of Palm Trees In Florida: Coconut Palm Tree
Coconut (lat. Cocos nucifera) is a woody plant from the palm family. It is an extremely tall and thin tree that can grow up to 92 feet. It begins to bloom from its fifth or sixth year. The inflorescence consists of many male (approximately 10,000) and very few female flowers. The male flowers open approximately 2 weeks before the female to avoid self-pollination.
- If you decide to grow coconut in a jar, it is very important to study the rules of planting and growing because this plant will undoubtedly react to the slightest mistake. Dwarf coconut proved to be the best for home cultivation because it is shorter and bears fruit after 4 years, which is quite fast for this plant. The process of planting in a jar begins by soaking the fruit in water for at least 2 or 3 days. In this way, you try to imitate the natural conditions when coconut usually swims in the oceans.
- For home cultivation of this plant, it is good to prepare a mixture of the soil of sand, peat, turf, clay, and humus, and there are ready-made mixtures of soil for palm trees. Florida’s palm is salt tolerant as well so don’t be afraid to add some salt too. Stable soil moisture is very important for coconut cultivation. The soil must always be moist, and only a few upper inches of soil may be dried between waterings.
- It is recommended to avoid fertilizers used for ornamental plants or special preparations for palm trees because mixtures of fertilizers for, for example, bonsai or citrus have proved to be better. Fertilization should be done only during the period of active development, once every 2 weeks in summer and once a month in winter.
Florida Palm Features And Care
Originally from the southeastern United States, the Florida Palm or Serenoa repens is a slow-growing plant with fan-shaped leaves. It grows on dunes, in pine forests, and on earthen mounds on the southeastern coast of the United States.
- Even if it resists partial or complete shade, to be strong and lush, this plant needs bright and sunny exposure during the day. It does not tolerate temperatures below 40 farads and therefore must be adequately protected during the winter months. Although it shows good drought resistance, it should be watered regularly when the soil becomes dry to avoid sagging leaves, especially in the very hot months.
- For proper and balanced growth, Serenoa repens must be fertilized once a month, from early spring to late summer, by fertilizing every 2 months with a slow release of granules rich in macronutrients such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) and with a good percentage trace elements such as iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), boron (B) and magnesium (Mg).
- Reloading is not recommended, as Serenoa does not like seedlings, so it is enough to replace at least 4 inches of surface soil to restore the soil. With a garden shovel, the soil is loosened very lightly so as not to damage the roots, then removed and the same fresh and fertile amount is added. Florida palm trees like sandy soil as well.
- You must keep the containers in a protected place where the minimum temperature does not fall below 50 farads, and for the first 2-3 months the soil must always be slightly moist. The young Serenoa plants thus obtained must be grown in pots before planting outdoors.
Everything You Need To Know About Queen Palm
Roystonea regia, the Florida royal palm tree, is a species of large tropical palm belonging to the Arecaceae family. Born in the Caribbean, Cuba, Mexico, and Florida, this palm, sometimes up to 90 feet tall, has been grown as an ornamental plant in many parts of the world. It’s an amazing fast-growing palm.
- It can survive at the lowest temperature of 40 farads. Outside the tropical climate, the king palm or queen palm is grown in containers. It shows relatively fast growth when grown that way.
- The king palm requires rich and moist soil. It is tolerant of soil acidity and saline soil. It is suitable for a mixture of 1/3 garden soil with 2/3 compost or good quality compost. At the bottom of the pot, place a layer of expanded clay that allows good drainage.
- The temperature inside is good, but it needs to get bright light and even better direct sunlight. Atmospheric humidity must be equally important, especially in interiors heated in winter. Atmospheric humidity is amplified by a large cup filled with water and expanded clay that is placed under the pot, with the help of many neighboring plants.
- Water it regularly. The soil must barely dry a few inches on the surface between waterings. When a new palm tree begins to spread its leaves while the stalk has not yet been pushed, it is a sign that your palm queen has run out of water. In winter, watering is slightly reduced.
- This palm is spread by sowing. Germination is easy in a mixture of sand and peat at a temperature of 77 farads. The mixture must remain moist, peat partly prevents the growth of fungi and seed rot. In the first year, the leaves are whole and long.
Types Of Palm Trees In Florida: Chinese Fan Palm Care Guide
The Chinese fan palm-Livistona Chinensis is one of those that best resists cold and frost, but it is also so adaptable that today it is grown in virtually all temperate and warm parts of the world. As its name suggests it has fan-shaped fronds and fan-shaped leaves.
It’s a medium-sized palm that has a very thin trunk, it does not take up much space, so it can be easily found in small gardens. It can be found in South Florida and other similar tropical climates.
- The Chinese fan palm must be outside, either in full sun or in partial shade. It can be indoors, but it is only in the inner yard or in a room where a lot of natural light enters.
- The frequency of watering will vary depending on the weather and location, but in principle, you need to water it 2-3 times a week in summer and the rest of the year every 4-5 days.
- The soil should be fertile, with good drainage. It grows well on calcareous soils, but it is advisable to plant it on slightly acidic (pH 6 to 7).
- Chinese palm is propagated by seed in spring-summer. The way to proceed is as follows: First, you need to take the seed and put it in a glass of water for 24 hours. Then sow them the next day in a pot about 4 inches in diameter with a universal growing medium. Cover them with a thin layer of foundation so that they are not directly exposed to the sun.
- There is no need to prune this palm. Simply remove its dry leaves in the fall or winter when you notice them.
What To Know About Cabbage Palm
Sabal palms or Sabal palmetto, also called cabbage and palmetto palm, are monocotyledons with single leaf seeds. The palmetto tree grows more like grass than a typical tree trunk (it has a nice smooth trunk). Bathing palms also do not have annual rings, but segments of leaves on top grow every year. The leaves are long with straight lines of parallel veins.
- Able to reach 90 feet or more in the woods (when shaded or protected by surrounding trees) Sabal palmetto is usually seen at a height of 40 to 50 feet. The palm is an incredibly solid tree with a rough, fibrous trunk that is quite variable in shape, from flat and upright to curved or curved. They should be watered 5 times a week.
- Palmetto is a name that comes from the Spanish word palmetto or small palm. It was probably named because wood is often seen as a small tree on the floor. A great example is Sabal palmetto grows at the base of Drayton Hall near Charleston, South Carolina, and embraces the South Atlantic coast well near Miami, Florida.
- Palms with undamaged root systems and full canopies can be transplanted. Perform careful pruning root pruning 4-6 months before digging as this can increase graft survival in the palms and encourage optimal trunk height. Sabal palms should always be transplanted at the same depth as they originally grew.
- Newly transplanted palms need temporary structural support if they move after maturity. Typically transplanted palms that have significant trunk heights are mounted with tripod stand structures until a root support system is formed.
Growing/Care Guide For Foxtail Palm
If you are a fan of high drama in the garden, then there is no more conspicuous plant than this palm tree. The palm foxtail is native to Australia.
Wodyetia bifurcata is a tropical palm tree with lush foliage, colorful white flowers, and bright red fruits. Accustomed to the climate of tropical regions, foxtail palms are usually seen in community gardens on the beach.
- However, trees can also tolerate an environment with full sun, humid atmosphere, strong wind, and salty conditions. Hardy and lush foxtail palms are an interesting addition to your seaside garden. The foxtail palm is a tall tropical tree with full leaves. Typically 25 to 40 feet tall, the top of the tree explodes into a cluster of 8 to 10 green leaves.
- When it comes to its transplant tame and propagation, treat it like a Chinese fan palm. It should have a good watering schedule since this type of palm tree needs a lot of water. I suggest you water it 6-7 times a week. This palm tree is not drought tolerant.
Learn How To Take Care Of Alexander Palm Tree
Archontophoenix alexandrae, commonly known as the Alexandra palm, Northern Bangalow palm, or feathered palm, is an endemic palm for Queensland, Australia. It was named in honor of Princess Alexandra of Denmark but is often mistakenly named the Palm of Alexandra (note the difference in the sex of the name).
- The name of the genus comes from the ancient Greek ἄρχων (árkhōn), meaning “chief” or “ruler”, combined with the palm genus Phoenix, and refers to the royal growth of trees. The epithet of the species is given in honor of Princess Alexandra of Denmark.
- The fruits are ovoid to spherical with a steady calyx. They are initially green in color, and when ripe they become bright red.
- It grows quickly and tolerates colder climates outside the tropics where there are no frosts, and it is widespread. This plant likes full sun, warmer climates, and well-moist soil. Pruning and propagation should be done the same way as for the queen palm.
- The ideal temperature for this palm is between 75-80 farads. Expose it to the direct sun do not place it in a place where there is a shade throughout the day. If there is not enough humidity in the place you live in, try to create higher humidity conditions for this palm tree.
How To Grow And Take Care Of Ponytail Palm
The “ponytail palm” isn’t a palm at all. It is a member of the Lilaceae (family of lilies) and is known by several names. The name “elephant’s foot plant” was earned because of the bulbous base, inserted into a thin trunk and some call it the “palm of the bottle”.
- When planted and displayed in a bonsai pot, the base is swollen like a desert rose bonsai that makes an attractive display in a small pot. A solid plant is used as a single specimen usually in pots 14 inches or larger or planted in several pots 6 ″ to 10 ″ inches to look more like a shrub. Individual specimens are 6 ′ to 18 ′ feet high.
- The beet palm plant is very drought tolerant and does not like watering too often. Never allow the plant to water at the bottom of a saucer or pot. It is an interesting fact that Nola’s recurve likes to keep water in her base. Signs of waterlogging are usually shown by dry, brown leaves, shriveled stems, or dried roots. If excessive watering occurs, you may notice slight growth, stem rot, or root rot.
- Any indoor window space, especially the one facing north, will meet the light requirements of this plant with strong light. However, full sun is best for optimal performance.
Wonderful Bottle Palm
The bottle palm or brown palm, Hyophorbe verschaffeltii, is a species of palm endemic to the island of Rodriguez in Mauritius. Belonging to the Arecaceae family, the bottle palm is known for the original shape of its protruding trunk, narrower at the base.
Although almost extinct in the wild, it is widely grown around the world, outdoors in air-conditioned conditions without freezing or in pots for colder areas.
- Except in regions with tropical climates, where it is often ingested, the palm of the bottle is grown in containers, placed in the sun in summer, and protected from the cold in winter, maintained at a temperature of 50 farads.
- The brown core of the palm tree is seriously endangered, only about 60 individuals remain in its natural area, with great difficulties in natural regeneration.
- Hyophorbe verschaffeltii reproduces only by sowing. Fresh seeds germinate easily with heat and moisture, but the seedlings are quite sensitive.
- The brown core of the palm tree requires rich and draining soil, heat, and a certain atmospheric humidity. Watering must be abundant, at least during the beautiful season when we do not allow the soil to dry out. Although it can tolerate drought, it is much nicer to water regularly.
- Store these palms in light shade and then, when they turn a few years old, require a few hours of sun a day. In winter, a period of rest in the cold and less watering prevents them from continuing etiolated in low light.
About Lovely Bismarck Palm
Bismarck’s palm is a plant native to western Madagascar, Africa, from arid areas, such as certain parts of the Mediterranean. They are also present in arid and tropical subtropical climates. Its scientific name is Bismarckia Nobilis and it belongs to the botanical family Arecaceae.
- The Bismarck palm must remain exposed to the sun or in semi-shady conditions. Irrigation should be regular but moderate, as the idea is not to flood the tree. Intensified watering is recommended during the warmer months.
- Although it does not stand out for its height, it is a type of palm that requires little space because in adulthood it reaches an estimated width of 9 feet and a height greater than 30 feet. Once located, it will last a long time, as longevity is estimated to be between 30 and 100 years.
- Bismarck palm flowering occurs during spring and summer, and maintenance is necessary to keep the tree in good condition. Pruning will help remove diseased branches and therefore it is necessary to prune the plant at least every two years, both in the crown area and on the trunk.
Florida Native Plant: Needle Palm
This amazing Florida native plant Yucca filamentosa is a great plant for your garden. With its unique look and durability, it will make you such a happy plant owner. Since it doesn’t grow tall either (around 30 inches) it will be easy to take care of too.
- This plant isn’t toxic so it is completely safe to have your pets around it. Cats love bitting edges of the plants, so he/she can go for it, it’s safe. Although its native habitat is Florida, these types of palm trees are frost resistant.
- Needle Palm likes sandy loam, sandstone, and sandy soil. Soil acidity should be neutral so make sure you provide it with neutral acidity.
- The watering regime for this plant doesn’t have to be something to worry about. It’s drought-tolerant (but it’s not a cactus so make sure to water it now and then). This is just in case you forget to water it, don’t panic, it won’t wither if you skip it twice.
- Needle palm likes a lot of light so make sure to place it somewhere sunny. Direct sun will help her grow faster, and light is necessary for its growth as well.
- Pruning isn’t necessary if you don’t see any brown leaves or possible pests and diseases. Propagation is done every 2 to 3 years with seeds and leaves.
Areca Palm Tree And Its Features
Palm areca (Dypsis lutescens) is a popular and very effective houseplant. It is valued for its extremely decorative leaves and elegant habit.
Areca is a universal plant that fits into any interior and does not cause much trouble. The name “areca” describes several species of palm trees that inhabit the naturally tropical areas of the world.
- Areca should be grown in an area with plenty of diffused light. The optimum temperature for areca cultivation is between 64 and 70 farads. In-home cultivation, areca palms do not go through a period of dormancy.
- Arcea palm needs high humidity to develop properly. Too dry air causes the tops of the leaves to dry out. Therefore, one of the most important treatments for areca is regular spraying of the leaves. This procedure should be performed quite often, ie every 2-3 days.
It Is Just Another Type Of Palm Tree In Florida
- The base of the pot should be constantly moist. In summer, in hot weather, it tolerates excess water in the pot. Areca is perfect for hydroponic cultivation. Use decalcified water (decalcified or boiled) to water the areca, as excess calcium damages the palm.
- Fertilize areca from spring to late summer, at intervals of 2-3 weeks, using liquid fertilizer for palm trees or universal fertilizer at a dose of half the amount indicated in the instructions on the package. Nutrient deficiencies are manifested in the form of leaves that fade and turn yellow from the top.
- Areca palms are usually planted several in one pot to give the impression that they are denser. However, this is not necessarily the case. They also look good when planted individually. Due to the specific structure of the root system (long, poorly branched pile system), these palms should be grown in tall and narrow pots. If necessary, the best time to replant the areca is February and March.
Pests And Diseases Of Palm Trees In Florida
To recognize the pests and diseases of your palm tree, we’re bringing some main possible issues that could cause your plant damage or eventual death.
I would say that this is the most important part of this article. Everything else is pretty easy but something you can’t control is always the hardest part.
Types Of Palm Trees In Florida Have Sometimes Red Weevil
The most dangerous pest of palm trees is the red weevil. It affects adult plants, damaging their main blade or guide as well as the trunk. As a result, the palm population in Spain has been significantly reduced. Therefore, it is very important to do treatments from an early age to prevent these insects from killing your specimen.
Paysandisia Arhont On Some Types Of Palm Trees In Florida
Another pest we also need to talk about is Paysandisia arhont. It affects young specimens more, not so much adults. They bite the leaves when they have not yet opened. When you finally see it, you also see small fan-shaped holes. It is treated with chlorpyrifos and imidacloprid.
- But as if that was not enough, in a dry and hot environment, it can have mites, and various types (cotton insects, limpet, etc.). They are parasites that feed on leaf sap, as well as the trunk if it is still young. Fortunately, they are well treated with flour insecticides.
- There is usually no disease, but if watered excessively when the humidity is very high, fungi could appear and your palm tree can be damaged. There is no effective curative treatment. It is best to control irrigation and plant it in soil that drains well.
You Mastered The Knowledge About Types Of Palm Trees In Florida
We didn’t mention all types of palm trees in Florida in this article, but in case you want to know about some other types, search these examples:
Bamboo palm, Mexican fan palm, pygmy date palm, African oil palm, windmill palm, tall palm, fishtail palm, everglades palm, palmetto palm tree, ribbon fan palm, Florida cherry palm, pindo palm, areca palm tree, Florida silver palm, Montgomery palm, parlor palm, keys thatch palm, brittle thatch palm, Buccaneer palm, lipstick palm tree, Chinese fountain palm, single trunk palm and Sylvester palm.
Not all of these palm species however can be raised well as the indoor palms. The ones we talked about above will adapt much better to your indoor conditions. However, there is a palm variety called Mediterranean fan palm that can be an amazing indoor plant!
All of these species are mostly planted in tropical climates such as Southern Florida. But if you live in colder places, there are cold hardy palms as well. Sabal palmetto (cabbage palm) is one of those palm trees.
Mexican palm trees might adapt to a colder climate as well. Paurotis palm also might be one of the cold hardy palm trees, but don’t expose it to too much cold, however.
But just in case you’re wondering, don’t worry, we surely brought you the best Florida palm trees in our article and everything you need to know about them. Now that you’ve mastered your knowledge of palm trees, go get one! I’m sure you’ll do great!
Until next time!